HOSPITALITY

 

                                                      ETRUSCAN EXCURSIONS

                     BETWEEN THE VALLEY OF FIORA RIVER  AND THE HILLS OF ALBEGNA

 

 

Our “ agriturismo” is an ideal point of departure to visit this characteristic area of Tuscany.

In order to let our guests know better our country and its history, we propose, on demand, the following journeys to the Etruscan sites which are in our territory:

  • Saturnia and  Ghiaccio Forte in the valley of Albegna river;
  • Sovana, Poggio Buco and Pitigliano, along the Fiora river,

are the most important Etruscan places in this area of Tuscany.

Their common characteristic is to be situated on naturally defended hills. The two rivers, in the Etruscan age, were navigable, and were both a good way to communicate and to control the commercial traffic between the interior region and the coastal zone.

To know better the Etruscan people it is good to know their way of life. The tombs show perfectly the Etruscans’ habits.

The religion had a fundamental role in Etruscan civilization. Tombs were considered as the “Eternal houses” where the dead people were supposed to live for eternity, so they look like houses. And when a dead person was buried, the Etruscans put food, weapons and jewels to accompany him/her towards the eternity. 

Etruscan necropolises reproduced the acropolises. The “city of the dead” had to resemble to the “city of the living” as much as possible with their houses, squares and roads.

The soul was conceived as a “breath” who floats in the air like a bird and who was born during the primeval creation and destined to return to the Mother Earth. She was the most important god, responsible for life, and the priests read her signs such as the rain, the wind, the flight of the birds, the passage of the sun and the other atmospheric phenomena or terrestrial such as water sources, plants buds…

The Etruscans had many others gods, like Vanth and Charun who accompanied the dead person during his/her final journey. They offered gifts in terracotta or metal to the gods to get their favor and protection.

 

SATURNIA

The Etruscan necropolis is 5 Km from Saturnia. It is formed by typical tombs built in exterior, not carved like the other ones in this area.

Their architectural form consists of a “dromos” or corridor which conducts to the burial chamber covered by two big stones supported by a central pillar.

These remains date back to the VII century B.C.

 

 

 GHIACCIO FORTE

 

The ancient town extends on a surface of three hectares. But  the only ruins remained in the place are the foundations of some houses and the northern and southern gates. Its finds can be seen going to the beautiful museum of Scansano.

The position and the view from this place is spectacular and from here you can see all the plain as far as the sea.

 

 

POGGIO BUCO

 

It is about 15 Km.  from Saturnia. Situated on a hill, at its base flows the Fiora river.

Its tombs date back to the second half of VII century B.C. and are carved in the tufa rock. Their structure is generally composed by a “vestibule” or hall and one or two burial chambers.

The finds of these tombs are exposed in the museum of Pitigliano.

 

 

PITIGLIANO

 

It is far 22 Km. from Saturnia. This town  is build on a cliff spur  and its position is very  attractive. Here our guests can visit an Etruscan archeological park in the open-air, where there are some tombs and one route carved in the tufa by the Etruscans themselves.

The Etruscan museum, in the medieval castle of the city, is very interesting.

 

 

SOVANA

 

It is the most important  Etruscan town of this part of Tuscany. Here there are many remarkable finds like the Ildebranda, the Pola and the Syren tombs and a lot of others.

Ildebranda is the most beautiful tomb. It takes its name from the pope Gregorio VII (1020-1085), born in Sovana. It has been built at the end of III century B.C. and it is composed by two parts: one underground burial chamber and a monument façade surrounded by columns like a Greek temple. The whole monument was plastered with colored stucco which effect was great.

The Ildebranda, as well as the Pola tomb, are the most important ones of this type in the whole Etruria. Their grandiosity suggests that the person who was buried here was the member of a local aristocracy, perhaps a Lucumon, a priest-King of the town.

In the necropolis of Sopraripa there are many tombs “a dado”. The “dado” ( or dice) is the external representation of the Etruscan house.

There is also a Syren’s tomb, which takes its name from the representation of the sea  monster  in the fronton.

The poor men were burned and their ashes were placed in the little holes carved in the tufa, or “colombari” that look  like pigeon’s nests.

In these necropolis there are some Etruscan roads carved in the tufa.  Many studious think  that these tombs had a divine role to venerate Mother Earth into the Earth to be nearer to her. In effects a great quantity of votive objects have been found in to the “via cava” of the Cavone and  a lot of religious symbols are carved in the walls. These roads were also routes of communication.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE TOMB IS LIKE THE HOUSE  

 

 THE TOMB IS  THE ETERNAL HOUSE 

 

 IN THE VESSELS WAS A FOOD FOR THE LAST JOURNEY 

SATURNIAS' MUSEUM  

TOMB IN THE ETRUSCAN NECROPOLIS NEAR SATURNIA 

AMPHORA FOUND IN GHIACCIO FORTE 

AN INTERIOR OF ETRUSCAN TOMB IN POGGIO BUCO 

THE "POLA" TOMB IN SOVANA

THE  SACRED ROAD OF THE "CAVONE"